Emergency care of a cat with a ruptured bladder

A 7-month-old domestic short-hair male neutered cat, Crumble, arrived at hospital after falling from a first floor window. He had vomited after the fall, presented as tachypnoeic, with pale pink mucus membranes and poor peripheral pulses. Crumble required shock rate intravenous fluids, methadone (Comfortan; Dechra) given at 0.3 mg/kg for analgesia, diagnostic imagining and blood tests. Blood tests showed uremia which indicated uroabdomen. Diagnostic imaging was limited because of pain....

Unilateral anal sacculectomy for anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma with urethral involvement

The patient presented to a veterinary hospital with a month-long history of ‘scooting’ and a right-sided anal gland mass. A diagnosis of a stage 2 anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma was confirmed, and the patient underwent a right-sided anal sacculectomy. There was involvement of the urethra and adherence to the rectum and a subsequent urethral incision was necessary, which was surgically repaired at the time of surgery. The patient was hospitalised for several weeks postoperatively for...

Extended patient care report for a patient in anaphylactic shock

Anaphylactic shock is potentially life threatening, it is rare and can be difficult to diagnose. There is little veterinary research in this area, despite a quick diagnosis and treatment being essential to the recovery of these patients. This report discusses recognising the signs seen in anaphylaxis and the role of the nurse in monitoring and treating these emergency patients.

Nursing a diabetic patient with hypoglycaemia — a nursing care report

Hypoglycaemia presents a genuine life-threatening emergency in the intensive care unit. Veterinary nurses play a vital role in the emergency and critical care of hypoglycaemic patients. This patient care report will discuss and evaluate the nursing care involved with maintenance of intravenous catheter, monitoring of blood glucose and dietary management.

Emergency assessment and nursing of a queen with dystocia

Dystocia is a life threatening emergency situation which requires urgent treatment. This report aims to evaluate and critique the assessment, monitoring and nursing care given to a queen which presented with dystocia. The triage by the nurse, fluid therapy and pain control will be evaluated for this case report.

Anaesthetic management of a patient undergoing unilateral phacoemulsification with concurrent diabetes mellitus

This report discusses the anaesthetic approach of a canine undergoing a phacoemulsification surgery with concurrent diabetes mellitus. It is the anaesthetic nurse's role and responsibility to deliver updated and high quality nursing care, therefore it is vital to know basic physiology of the patient and pharmacodynamics of anaesthetic drugs as it affects the outcome of the procedure and the recovery. This article looks at the important anaesthetic aspects of both the speciality procedure and the...

The regurgitating kitten

Vascular ring anomalies present in young patients and will inhibit growth and development. Therefore it is essential that these patients have the anomaly corrected as soon as clinically stable enough to undergo surgical correction. In particular the congenital malformation of the persistent right aortic arch (PRAA) is uncommon in practice to see, but does require good knowledge and understanding by the veterinary team to provide a successful outcome.

Diagnosis of haemophilia A in a Miniature Longhaired Dachshund

This case report presents a 6-month-old, male, Miniature Longhaired Dachshund diagnosed with haemophilia A. The clinical procedures, as well as nursing interventions, leading to the diagnosis are presented. Treatment and management of haemophilia A is also described.

Acute Hepatopathy and Coagulopathy in the Canine: A Nursing Care Report

This nursing care report discusses the treatment and management of acute hepatopathy and secondary coagulopathy in the canine as well as the impact this case had on the development of the author's nursing ability. The patient, a nine-year-old Labrador Retriever, was referred for treatment after an episode of vomiting followed by collapse during a walk with their owner. On presentation the patient was tachycardic, tachypnoeic with absent peripheral pulses. After haematological and biochemical...

A patient care report of a feline with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus hospitalised for a blood glucose curve

Feline diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine disorders in cats. Veterinary nurses play a huge role in management of these feline patients by helping with diagnostics, monitoring blood glucose levels, administering medication, providing skilled nursing care during the time of hospitalisation as well as educating and advising the clients. This patient care report discusses the care provided to a diabetic feline patient that was hospitalised for a blood glucose curve.

A feline patient undergoing tail amputation and excisional arthroplasty of the left hip joint

The patient was an entire male domestic shorthair, estimated at 10 years old, and admitted out of hours after being involved in a road traffic accident (RTA). After initial assessment and treatment, it was decided to further stabilise the patient while hospitalised then at home before undergoing surgical treatment 8 days later of the hip dysplasia and tail fracture caused by the RTA.

Case report on surgical management of a pericardial effusion and subsequent pericardectomy

A 7-year-old, neutered, female Labrador Retriever was admitted as an emergency referral on the diagnosis of a recurrent pericardial effusion. Following a pericardiocentesis, a subtotal pericardectomy was consequently performed. Nursing care for this patient was focused on the post-operative monitoring including the maintenance of the thoracostomy tube, indwelling urinary catheter, arterial catheter and continual assessment of the analgesia protocol. The patient subsequently recovered well and...

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