Analgesia in veterinary patients — opioids part one
Analgesia in veterinary patients can be achieved by using drugs from two major classes: opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In addition, analgesic adjuvants such as lidocaine, ketamine and alpha-2 adrenergic agonists are also used in the management of pain. This first article will review the general pharmacology and clinical use of opioids. The subsequent article will discuss the individual opioids and their specific characteristics.
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