Acute pancreatitis in canine patients


Canine acute pancreatitis (AP) is now commonly seen in veterinary practice. AP can be challenging to manage and patients may require intensive nursing care. This article aims to explain the pathophysiology of the disease, some of the common clinical findings, diagnostic testing available and treatment required by these patients. It will focus on the specific nursing care: analgesia and nutrition. The use of early enteral nutrition (EN) is now a well-established treatment method in human medicine for patients with pancreatitis, and should be considered in veterinary patients also. The benefits of EN over parenteral nutrition (PN) and suggested routes of administration will be discussed.

Figure 1. A patient undergoing a physical examination prior to ultrasound imaging.
Figure 1. A patient undergoing a physical examination prior to ultrasound imaging.

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