Critically ill patients have conditions that are considered life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring; nutritional support plays a key role in the recovery of these patients and is an area of veterinary medicine that is very easy for the registered veterinary nurse (RVN) to have an active role in. Critically ill patients are at increased risk of malnutrition; acute and chronic illness, trauma and inflammation induced stress-related catabolism, and drug-induced adverse effects may reduce appetite or increase nausea and vomiting. Challenges exist in the provision of support, especially in the anorexic patient.This article focuses on how severe physiological stress affects animals that are critically ill and how this might lead to malnutrition, how to accurately calculate energy requirements, and discusses the importance of selecting the most appropriate diet to improve patient outcomes.
Subscribe to get full access to The Veterinary Nurse
Thank you for vising The Veterinary nurse and reading our archive of expert clinical content. If you would like to read more from the leading peer-reviewed journal for veterinary nurses, you can start your subscription today for just £26.
Subscribing will enable you to:
Stay up-to-date with current thinking and best practice in veterinary medicine
Enhance your knowledge and understanding of all key clinical topics
Achieve the mandatory requirement of 45 hours' documented CPD over a three-year period