Stephanie Almond

Langford Veterinary Hospital, Full time RVN, DipAVN (small animal), 27 York Gardens, Top floor flat, Clifton, Bristol, UK

Pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease and the nursing care of cats

One symptom of CKD is a rise in levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN; normal reference range 17–29 mg/dl) (Brown, 2007) and creatinine (azotaemia being identified once the blood creatinine concentration...