Clinical

The recovery period

Although relatively new in veterinary medicine, anaesthesia checklists in human medicine have been shown to decrease complications and mortality rates (Hohenfellner, 2009) by reducing the occurrence...

Care of the acute kidney injury patient

The causes of acute kidney injury can be divided into three categories:.

The importance of peri-anaesthetic temperature management: part 1

Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia is a common complication of anaesthesia and sedation, although the seriousness of its effects should not be overlooked despite its frequent occurrence (Reynolds...

The role of the veterinary nurse in homecare for the cardiac patient

Home care for patients with cardiac disease which is life-limiting is palliative by nature. Palliative care can be defined as relieving or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder at any stage...

Anaesthetic considerations for a bleeding hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy

On presentation to the practice the patient should have their basic parameters assessed, including heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature, mucous membrane colour, capillary refill time and blood...

The identification and management of feline conjunctivitis

In many cases of feline conjunctivitis, it is difficult to distinguish underlying causes and laboratory diagnostics may be necessary. However, a full clinical history should be taken alongside an...

Efficacy of silver-coated urinary catheters for reducing urinary tract infection in dogs

You are a small animal registered veterinary nurse working in a referral practice. Your practice has seen a high incidence of UTIs in canine patients with indwelling urinary catheters. Recognising...

Parasite roundup for 2023

Increasing numbers of imported rescue cats and dogs have been seen over the past few years, with an associated risk of exotic pathogens entering the UK. The European Scientific Counsel for Companion...

Bypassing their way into your heart: considerations for the cardiothoracic patient

Therapeutic hypothermia is applied via cooling of the blood in the cardiopulmonary bypass machine (Kanemoto, 2014). This reduces the metabolic rate and oxygen demand from the tissues reducing risk of...

Chronic inflammatory enteropathy: faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice

The development of canine chronic enteropathy clinical activity indices extrapolated from human medicine offer a quantifiable and repeatable measure of monitoring response to treatment. The most...

Capnography for the veterinary nurse

CO2 within the body can be measured either directly via arterial sampling, which gives us the partial pressure of CO2 in arterial blood (PaCO2), or indirectly via capnography. PaCO2 readings are...

Parasites in cats and dogs

Internal parasites live inside the animal's body, in different locations including the small intestine, the lung, the heart, the subcutaneous tissue or even inside the eye. The majority of internal...