This article discusses keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), factors that may contribute towards KCS and how we might treat/manage it. KCS is often characterised by uncomfortable eyes accompanied with mucopurulent discharge and a general dry appearance to the cornea. Often these patients present to the veterinary practice with secondary complications such as corneal ulcers and infections. In this instance it may be difficult to get a diagnosis of KCS, however this article will discuss some pre-disposing factors, and this information along with patient history may help towards deciding treatment options. KCS can be difficult to manage if the patient is not cooperative and so this article will touch on cyclosporin implants which can be a median-term alternative to administering eye drops. Cyclosporin implants are commonly used in veterinary equine practice, however they can be similarly used for small animal patients and can provide much relief for pets and owners!
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