Nutritional management of the critical vomiting canine

Critically ill patients are at an increased risk of gastrointestinal compromise, including those where gastrointestinal compromise is not their primary condition. Gastrointestinal compromise can be...

Senior nutritional requirements for cats and dogs

Although signs of ageing vary, there are common changes that are frequently seen (Table 3). Changes are indicative of the declining function of all body organs. Changes in bodily systems determined by...

The role of the veterinary nurse in homecare for the cardiac patient

Home care for patients with cardiac disease which is life-limiting is palliative by nature. Palliative care can be defined as relieving or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder at any stage...

Why is nutrition important?

Preventative medicine (which does not just include nutrition) can be subdivided into three parts:.

Senior cats: nutritional adaptations and practical feeding considerations

The ultimate nutritional goal is to provide cats with complete and balanced nutrition appropriate to the life stage and individual, which would include a thorough nutritional assessment. The screening...

Small mammal herbivores part 3: taking a dietary history and providing nutritional support

Taking a thorough history is a cornerstone of exotic animal medicine: estimates of the prevalence of husbandry-related diseases vary depending on the study, but it is generally agreed that inadequate...

Small mammal herbivores, part 2: nutrition for wellness

A brief discussion of nutrients and their role in the herbivore diet will provide the basis for understanding nutritional assessment..

Small mammal herbivores part 1: digestive system adaptations to a herbivorous diet

The selected species considered in this article are monogastric hindgut fermenters: they have a single, non-compartmentalised stomach, and a large caecum that is the site of microbial fermentation...

Vegan diets for felines

Veterinary professionals are commonly taught that taurine, arachidonic acid and vitamin A cannot be derived from plant material and will need to be chemically synthesised (as with taurine) or be...

Diet in canine dermatology part 1: nutrition for skin health and support

Veterinary nurses can play a crucial role in assisting with a full dermatological history to aid the diagnosis of any skin disease. As part of this, obtaining a full dietary history from owners is...

The role of energy and weight: from conception to adulthood

Adipose tissue is an active organ that produces a large range of hormones and protein factors called adipokines. One such hormone is leptin, which plays a pivotal role in reproduction. Leptin levels...

How to provide nutrition to rabbits in the critical care setting

As discussed, rabbits require a source of low-quality roughage, as well as a handful of non-selective pellets, and some fruit/vegetables in small amounts. Ideally, they should receive at least 80% of...

Cutaneous adverse food reactions

The role of food allergies in canine and feline IBD is unknown. In IBD, the immune system responds incorrectly to environmental triggers, which can include food, that causes inflammation of the...

Diet associated canine dilated cardiomyopathy

DCM is a common cause of congestive heart failure in dogs, and historically, was linked to large and giant breed dogs (Adin et al, 2019). DCM is characterised by poor systolic function and ventricular...