Nursing implications of over-breeding brachycephalic canines, focusing on British and French Bulldogs


Background: Within the veterinary field there are currently limited data on the role of registered veterinary nurses (RVNs) in improving the health of brachycephalic canines. To tackle this the veterinary team must discourage further breeding of those with predisposed health conditions. This can be done through raising awareness. Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the nursing implications of overbreeding French and British Bulldogs. RVNs completed an online questionnaire on brachycephalic canines and clinical occurrence in practice. Data collected were extracted from NoviSurvey and analysed using Excel and Minitab 15. Results: Out of 103 participants, 67 responses were valid. Results showed a high prevalence of brachycephalic canines in practice, with 79% of RVNs treating them at least once a day. Caesarean sections were common, with 43% of RVNs identifying genetic abnormalities in brachycephalic litters on a frequent basis. Social media was identified as a cause for the increase in ownership. Conclusion: The veterinary profession must now play a larger role in public education to assist in improving welfare in these breeds.

Figure 1. Pie chart displaying frequency of skin fold dermatitis in brachycephalic patients.
Figure 1. Pie chart displaying frequency of skin fold dermatitis in brachycephalic patients.

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