The highs and lows of electrolytes part 1: sodium, chloride and potassium

Paula Anderson
Wednesday, December 2, 2020

There are six electrolytes that are important in maintaining homeostasis within the body. They play vital roles in regulating neurological, myocardial, muscular and cellular functions and are involved in fluid and acid–base balance. Recognising and treating electrolyte derangements is an important role for veterinary nurses especially in emergency and critical care patients. This series of two articles will discuss the physiology behind each of the six major electrolytes and discuss how to monitor and treat any abnormalities.

Table 1. Normal sodium values
Table 1. Normal sodium values

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